The 8 basic chords which are used in almost 90 percent songs!

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Greetings dear aspiring guitarists!

When we begin learning the guitar, we get filled by the hopes of playing songs and even singing along. Sadly, there’s no short-cut to turning that glorious feeling into reality. Nonetheless, this little lesson can be a stepping-stone on your way to achieving that musical  dream :)

Enlisting below 8 basic chords which use no barre!
Every guitarist must know or does know these chords. Out of these 8, 5 are Major chords while three are in the minor key.

Let’s begin with the Major chords.
As an acronym, they’re known as the ‘CAGED’ chords which is short for C major, A major, G major, E major & D major.

Starting with C major. The chord behind the very awesome ‘Stairway to Heaven’ by Led Zeppelin
Note: In the diagrams below, the first string is on the extreme right while the 6th is on the extreme left.

C major
Chord Explained:
1st string is played open
2nd string played on 1st fret using 1st finger
3rd string played open
4th string played on 2nd fret using 2nd finger
5th string played on 3rd fret using 3rd finger
6th string is kept mute

Now coming to A major
A major
Chord Explained:
1st string is played open
2nd string played on 2nd fret using 3rd finger
3rd string played on 2nd fret using 2nd finger
4th string played on 2nd fret using 1st finger
5th string is played open
6th string is muted

The third basic major chord is G major. The chord that brought you ‘Knockin’ on heaven’s door by Bob Dylan and then GnR
G major
CHORD EXPLAINED
1st string is played on 3rd fret using 4th finger
2nd string played on 3rd fret using 3rd finger
3rd string played open
4th string played open
5th string is played on 2nd fret using 1st finger
6th string is played on 3rd fret using 2nd finger

Up next is the E major chord
E major
CHORD EXPLAINED
1st string is played open
2nd string played open
3rd string played on 1st fret using 1st finger
4th string played on 2nd fret using 3rd finger
5th string is played on 2nd fret using 2nd finger
6th string is played open

Coming to the last of the majors, D major chord. The chord that gave the evergreen intro to ‘Summer of 69′
D major
CHORD EXPLAINED
1st string is played on 2nd fret using 2nd finger
2nd string played on 3rd fret using 3rd finger
3rd string played on 2nd fret using 2nd finger
4th string played open
5th string is muted
6th string is muted

We’re done with the majors. Coming on the Minors. There are 3 open/basic minor chords. You may memorise them as the ‘ADE’ chords. They are A minor (Am), D minor (Dm) and E minor(Em)

Let’s introduce A minor
A minor chord
CHORD EXPLAINED:
1st string is played open
2nd string played on 1st fret using 1st finger
3rd string played on 2nd fret using 3rd finger
4th string played on 2nd fret using 2nd finger
5th string is played open
6th string is muted

The second of the basic minors, D minor
D minor
CHORD EXPLAINED
1st string is played on 1st fret using 1st finger
2nd string played on 3rd fret using 3rd finger
3rd string played on 2nd fret using 2nd finger
4th string played open
5th string is muted
6th string is muted

And finally, the Em chord:
E minor
CHORD EXPLAINED
1st string is played open
2nd string played open
3rd string played open
4th string played on 2nd fret using 3rd finger
5th string is played on 2nd fret using 2nd finger
6th string is played open

There you have it! Eight chords which figure in almost every second song. If you’re a beginner, knowing these chords will boost your limited repertoire significantly. Best wishes!

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